COMMON SKIN DISEASES AND CONDITIONS

COMMON SKIN DISEASES AND CONDITIONS

 

Skin is the largest organ of our body. It contains many layers as epidermis, dermis, and a deeper subcutaneous fatty layer called the hypodermis.

 

Function of skin 

 

It not only regulates optimum body temperature but also provides a barrier to protect against germs and keep it stable.

 

Moreover, it primarily helps in sensation, secretion, excretion, and regulation. As it is the sensitive part of the body, it is prone to many problems such as acne, rashes, skin cancer, etc.

 

Depending upon the symptoms and severity of the skin condition, one could identify and consult a specialized dermatologist for this purpose.

Types of skin conditions

Acne (Acne vulgaris)

Types of skin conditions

                                       

 

  • Acne is widespread in teens and not just limited to puberty but also present in adults typically due to stress factors and hormonal changes.

 

  • Commonly present on the face, forehead, chest, and upper back. It can leave scars and darken the skin if left untreated.

 

  • Light therapy and preventive measures could be helpful in this purpose. For severe acne, one should go for medication as proper treatment.

 

Eczema

                              

 

  • Eczema is also called Atopic dermatitis and is commonly present in infants and children.

 

  • Its cause could be genetic, environmental influence, poor immune system and mostly happen to people with allergic issues.
  • Dry, itchiness, skin peeling leads to scratching of the affected area and it could be reddish and oily in texture.

 

Corns and calluses

 

                                    

                               

 

  • Corns and calluses are the development of hard, thickened areas of skin typically appearing in response to continuous friction, rubbing, and pressure.

 

  • It is more common in women than men and mostly happens due to unfit shoes. Moreover, It could affect hands, fingers, and feet.

 

  • They are not usually harmful but cause cracked heels, lesions, and infections. Callus on foot can affect people with diabetes and poor circulation in feet. 

 

Athlete’s foot

                      

  • An athlete’s foot is a fungal kind of skin infection.

 

  • It commonly affects the toes of feet and occurs in people who have sweaty and damp skin.

 

  • Symptoms are associated with dry, itchy skin followed by a rash. There can also be bleeding and blisters caused under the foot.

 

  • Doctors usually recommend antifungal creams or sprays for its treatment.

 

Similarly, some of the skin diseases can be bacterial or fungal. Although, it could be genetic or seasonal as well. Generally, other common skin diseases are as mentioned below.

 

  1. Alopecia areata or hair loss
  2. Psoriasis, red and scaly patches
  3. Skin cancer, uncontrolled and abnormal growth of skin cells
  4. Rosacea, blushing, and flushing of the face
  5. Vitiligo , loss of pigmentation

 

Conclusion 

 

Some of the skin diseases can be minor, painless and some could be painful and contagious. Some skin conditions require specific care and attention. However, do consult a dermatologist to get yourself checked up with proper diagnoses and treatment if you’re facing some issues.

 

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