Why the Falklands Conflict happened

Why did the Falklands Conflict happens


These islands in the south Atlantic have two names to the people who live there and to Britain they are the Falkland islands but to their closest neighbor across the sea Argentina and its people they are las Islas malvenus the debate over what to call these islands is a symbol of a much larger dispute one that has raised for hundreds of years and continues to this day but in April of 1982 that debate became a

Conflict one which would take the lives of nearly a thousand people but for Argentina, it wasn’t meant to be that way in fact when Argentina invaded the Falkland islands they believed that Britain wouldn’t even respond in this five-episode series we’re going to take an in-depth look at the falcon’s conflicts with individual episodes exploring the fighting at sea in the air and on land plus an exploration of how the falcons conflict impacted the modern

World but first we need to understand why the war happened in the first place why did Argentina believe they could take the fFalklandswithouta fight what was the invasion actually like and why did Britain choose to fight for these islands 8 000 miles from home situated in the inhospitable south Atlantic ocean the Falklands provides a valuable strategic location to rest and refit the British first arrived in 1690 but left the islands uninhabited until

In the late 1700s when they were occupied at different times by France Britain and Spain Britain erected a plaque claiming ownership of the islands but left a few years later leaving the Spanish in control as they were in much of South America when that Spanish colony fell apart in the early 1800s Argentina instead lay claim to the islands but not before in 1833 British marines returned to reassert British rule for good

Argentina continued to claim the land but the Falklands were governed along with South Georgia and the south sandwich islands as the Falkland island dependencies into the 1980s about half the population of 1800 live in Stanley the world’s most southerly capital the remainder live in what is called the camp comprising sheep farms the climate most charitably described as invigorating is harsh the people are all of UK origin

Many being the descendants of settlers who first came to the islands over 150 years ago the queen’s representative is the governor appointed from the UK he’s the senior civil administrator to whom the island’s elected council is responsible so this is the uh dress uniform of the governor of the Falkland islands rex hunt later sir correct hunt and indeed there are many postings around

TIn the world today where diplomatic staff are required to wear ceremonial uniforms exactly like this it’s meant to evoke symbols of power evoke symbols of control represented and embodied in the figure of the governor quite a powerful symbol of both the way in which the islanders saw their relationship to the crown and the way in which the aArgentiniansviewed the presence of the

British as some kind of imperial hangover or legacy since the end of the second world war most of the world including Britain had been decolonizing the Argentinian government expected the Falklands to pass to their control as so many other territories had around the world from former colonizers to former colony in 1965 the unissued resolution 2065 recognizing the sovereignty dispute and asking the Uk and Argentina to find a

The peaceful solution was a problem that the British government would rather not have had the Argentinian claim was based both on the idea of territorial integrity the idea that the islands are part of Argentina’s land and on a sense of injustice that the British presence was an imperial relic with no place in the modern world so what we have here is a letter from the museum’s collection it was sent to the museum and I suspect there are many

Sent to other institutions it lays out the reasons why Argentina has staked its claim it talks for example about Argentina being a self-governing country since 1816. it talks about a constitution talks about being a friendly society and it kind of crystallizes that argument with this line all those countries have asked themselves how can great Britain pretend that those islands 7 000 miles away from

Great Britain and so near Argentina are British so in theory, it should be based on the principle of that claim relatively straightforward but of course, it’s not straightforward because there is a competing moral claim and that of course comes from the people who actually lived there the islanders themselves the Falkland islanders wanted nothing to do with the proposed decolonization process for two main reasons firstly

They were descended from and saw themselves as British citizens it was part of their identity and secondly no matter how close Argentina was nor how much they depended on it for supplies and communication Argentina was not at that time an appealing alternative since the mid-1970s Argentina had been led by a right-wing authoritarian government

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