Graft 2 Mangoes at Home

Table of contents:

  • What is grafting
  • Best time to graft
  • Complete guide to the grafting of mangoes
  • Practical application of grafting
  • Choosing the branch for grafting
  • Splice grafting technique
  • Plants you can grow with grafting
  • Conclusion

What is grafting:

Grafting is a technique widely used by gardeners to grow their plants. In this technique, we cultivate a plant naturally. Later on, we tie another fruit-bearing plant with it. Follow all the steps in this article to get success in mango grafting. We will discuss two methods of grafting the mango plant.

  1. Cleft grafting method
  2. Splice grafting technique

There are no restrictions regarding the grafting of the mango plant. You can graft any mango plant in any mango tree, and you can use any method to graft a mango plant. The main benefit of grafting is that anyone can enjoy two different varieties of fruit in the same pot. You don’t need to take extra care of other plants. We minimized the energy and effort to grow two different plants to one.

Best time to graft:

The best time to graft a mango plant is during the spring season or during the rainy season. You can graft mango plants in any season. However, we suggest growing in the month of March. It flourishes in the monsoon season. Therefore, for best and rapid growth, choose these two seasons for grafting mango plants at home.

Complete guide to the grafting of mangoes:

Mango seed:

First of all, you need a mango seed. Anyone who has a mango plant in their house or garden. Take a seed from mango, and you can start this process of grafting. However, you can also do this mode of grafting with the help of mango available in the market. We suggest using a mango seed from a mango plant that is homemade.

Clean the seed: clean the mango seed with water and remove kernel and any other impurities present on the seed of a plant. Make sure that the mango you are using should be ripe.

Bag of plastic/ polythene: After thoroughly cleaning the seed, wrap the mango seed in a tissue or handkerchief. Cover the seed with the help of this piece of cloth. After covering the seed, put it inside a bag. Any plastic bag, therefore no air or gas will enter the pouch. Put this pouch where it can get direct sunlight. Keep the seed in the bag under sunlight. Keep it inside for more than one week. The best time is at least two weeks.

Germination: now unwrap the cloth or tissue paper. You will see that your seed is fully sprouted. It is an indication that you can grow a mango plant with the seed now. You are one step closer to grafting the mango plant at home.

Soil: we need to make perfect soil that will provide moisture, nutrient, food, and growth to the mango plant.

Ingredients needed: cocoa peat and vermicompost

Take both ingredients in equal amounts of 50%. Do not exceed or lessen the number of things used in the process. Sprinkle water into the mixture. The mixture is not heavy. This way soil of the plant will not be dry and rough.

Fill in a pot: take a vessel or any bowl with small holes underneath it and add this mixture to the gardening pot. Put the seed underneath the soil, and the seed should be deep inside. The depth should be at least 1 inch underneath.

Pro tip: do not water plants too excessively. It’s best to water plants only when you notice that they are drying. The optimum water quantity of a plant varies. It depends on different types of plants. However, in this grafting technique of growing mangoes at home, water your plant when it is dry. Avoid over-watering the plant. Take extra care during the initial stages of mango plant growth.

Changes after half a month:

A short sprout will be visible on the pot. Your mango plant needs at least two to three hours of daily sunlight. The plant will sprout quickly and become healthy, too. Morning sunlight is best for mango plants.

After one month and a week:

You will see that your mango plant will grow in size. Even the pot might not handle the size of your growing mango plant. It’s time that you should transplant your mango plant. You can make the soil by keeping 1:9 in mind. Make a mixture of 1% of vermicompost meanwhile 9% of garden soil.

Practical application of grafting:

We will graft two different mango plants in a mango plant. The stems of both plants are unique. Moreover, the seed of the plant is healthy. We will graft the dasheri mango and Alfonzo plant. However, you can choose any plant of your liking.

Choosing the branch for grafting:

Avoid choosing fragile and newly grown branches of the plant. All the branches have young and light green leaves. It is also unsuitable for grafting of mangoes. Choose a division of the plant that is strong and width equivalent to a pencil.

  • Take one stem from the dasheri plant and the other from the Alfonzo mango plant.

Take a scissor or knife and clean it with the help of alcohol. By cleaning it with alcohol, you reduce the risks of parasitic and fungal infections. If you do not sterilize the scissors, then the process of growing mangoes at home with the help of grafting might fail.

  • With the help of scissors, cut the plant two to three inches above the trunk. Only cut the part from where the branches and leaves start to grow prominently.
  • Now finely cut the upper portion of the plant. Thus it should not look pointy and messy.
  • With the help of a sharp knife, cut the stem twice. The length of cuts should be one inch or more than that. Not less than that or more than that.

Do not forget to sterilize the knife before cutting the trunk of the plant. Afterward, repeat this process with the Sion of mango plants.

  • Deeply cut the Sion of the mango tree. The length of the cut should be exactly the same. To the same as the length of the cutback on the former mango tree. Cut the Sion diagonally to avoid any fungus and better attachment.

Repeat the same process with the other Sion of the mango tree.

  • Plant both Sion in the cuts of a first mango tree.

We suggest doing this process fastly and avoiding taking any breaks while doing it. It’s because if any dirt or dust particles get cooperated with the cut. It will cause the failure of the whole process of grafting mango trees at home.

  • Wrap these stems and trunks with tape. You can use grafting tape or any tape that is available. It’s best to cover it with a plastic bag as well.

Do not put water straight to the stem of the grafted plant. Always add water from the side of the pot.

Avoid sunlight until the plant grows. When a plant grows leaves and fruit, you can put it under sunlight for two to three hours.

Splice grafting technique:

Choose rootstock and Sion of equal sizes for this method.

  • Cut the one side of rootstock diagonally. Repeat the same process on the Sion of the mango plant.
  • While attaching the plant, make sure that the inner portion of Sion and rootstock should face each other.
  • Tie both with the help of some tape. This step is the same in both processes. Do not forget to cover the plant with polythene or a plastic bag.

After half month:

After more than 10 to 15 days, your plant will start showing growth. New shoots and leaves will start growing on the grafted mango plant.

Precaution: if any buds or shoots start growing below the grafting region. Cut these parts immediately with a knife or scissors. Delay in this will lead to damage to your grafting plant.

Remove all the flowers on the mango plant. Do this process for at least two to three years. It will lead to better fruits in the future.

Transplant this grafted plant into a bigger pot after five to six months. You will be able to enjoy different mango fruits in the same plant.

Why grafting is a magnificent technique?

Growing a plant from seed is not a troublesome task. Anyone can do this by using simple methods and some tricks. However, taking care of that plant and waiting for it to grow is no piece of cake. Your plant might even take years to fruit and flower. This task sometimes takes three to four years. However, by using the grafting technique, you can increase the growth. It does not harm the health of your mango plant. Moreover, you will see that plant will start giving fruits within a year.

Even though small grafted plants have big fruits like mangoes. Often, it is hard to differentiate between the quality of grafted plants and commonly grown plants.

Plants you can grow with grafting:

You can grow various plants with the technique of grafting. However, mainly guavas, lemons, mangoes, and chiku are prepared by grafting at home. Likewise, you can grow these fruits at home by using this technique.

Conclusion:

You can graft plants at home. You can grow vegetables at home to read our articles on how to grow vegetables at home without any equipment. In this article, you will get an insight into cultivating a plant through vertical gardening. Everyone should grow these veggies at home. You will get to enjoy tasty food, salads and fresh meals.

 

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