Growing food at home might look like a difficult task. There are many things like whether you will grow a plant or not. Most importantly, from where should I start?. Will I successfully grow vegetables at home without getting any plant infection?. Moreover, everyone loves to eat organic veggies. Organic veggies are healthy and delicious. In today’s article, we will discuss a way to grow capsicum at home. We will also dive deep into the making of colorful bell peppers. We will tell you how this plant gets infections. These infections can be parasitic or fungal. We will also discuss how to better care for capsicum plants at home. From the making of soil to harvesting this plant. So read this article till the end. All information in this article is immensely informational and crucial in growing a capsicum plant. Let’s discuss growing capsicum at home in detail.
Grow capsicum at home:
Growing capsicum at home is an easy task. You can grow it in a pot and follow all the steps in this article. You can grow these tasty veggies in your backyard. A terrace garden is also a superb option for trying gardening, and it is highly helpful in producing capsicum or colorful bell peppers.
There are two different types of seeds that you can grow. You can buy seeds that are available in the market or from Amazon. You can also cut capsicum into two halves. There are plenty of grains in capsicum, and these seeds are excellent for growing capsicum.
- Buy capsicum from a store and cut it into two halves. Store all the seeds in a dish or bowl.
You can use different varieties of seeds and grow in various pots. However, the time of harvesting is distinctive for capsicums. Keep reading this article to know about the perfect timing of these plants. You can also use colored ones and grow them in your terrace garden. However, the green capsicum is not sweet, but the colored ones have a slightly sweet taste.
Choosing the seeds:
Do you want to know which seed is best for growing capsicum at home?. Let us help you in choosing the best capsicum seed for your plant.
- Any capsicum that is big and healthy. Do not choose unripe or dry capsicum. Inside seeds should be large and mature.
Some people perform a mistake and grow capsicum plants with short seeds. Due to this reason, the plant does not even germinate. As a result, the plant does not produce progress. The whole hard work goes in vain.
Preparing the seeds:
Putting seeds into the plant at this point will give bad results. Your plant will not become healthy. To avoid these consequences, follow our tips.
- Put all the seeds in a bowl or dish. Keep them away from sunlight and light for two to three days.
After the time duration, you will see that seeds are not moist. The seeds will become dry. These capsicum seeds are now ready to produce a new capsicum plant.
The soil of capsicum plant:
The soil is a crucial part of plant growth and health. For this purpose, we suggest making a homemade mixture of soil.
- Add cocoa peat and vermicompost. Add both the items in equal quantities.
Mix them with a gardening tool keep adding water while mixing. Do not add too much water moderate amount of water is best for the soil of the capsicum plant.
Adding seeds into the soil:
Now add seeds to the soil in a random manner. Press the seeds into the soil so they are absorbed in the soil. Add soil again on top of the seeds so that no insect will eat the seeds.
- After adding seeds, put some soil on the seeds and add water.
Keep your capsicum pot under the sunlight for three to four hours. Here we are talking specifically about morning light. Morning rays are best for the rapid growth of a plant.
After a month:
After a month, small leaves will grow on the plant. You can transplant it to an enormous container. However, by transplanting into the pot, we are moving a step forward to growing our plant. Thus, we need to make soil that is rich in content.
- Vermicompost, cow dunk, garden soil, and cocopeat
Take garden soil half of the amount of three substances. After mixing these ingredients, add two handfuls of organic fungicides. You can buy these on any site or on Amazon.
While preparing the pot or any material in which you will grow capsicum plant, make small holes in the bottom of the pot.
- Add some stones to the bottom of the pot.
Transplant the capsicum plant into the pot. If the pot is more than 11 inches, you can grow two different plants in the same pot. Add water into the pot and leave the pot for two weeks.
Changes after ten days:
Your plant will increase in height and become tall. If leaves grow on the upper portion of the plant, cut the plant. Cutting these leaves is highly beneficial. Capsicum plants will get bushy and more fruits will produce on the plant.
Changes after one month and a week:
Your capsicum plant will start growing flowers and more leaves. When you notice that your plants are flowering, add water only when the soil is dry.
Changes after two months :
Small capsicums will grow on the plant.
Green capsicum: flowers after two months
Red and yellow capsicum: flowers late than green capsicum
Changes after two months of transplanting:
The Capsicum plant might not increase in height. However, the fruits will start growing on the plant. Harvest capsicum when you notice that plant is healthy and mature. Your homemade capsicum plant will start growing again.
Cut capsicums with the help of scissors and put them in a basket or a tray. One by one cut all the capsicums on the homemade plant.
Your capsicum plant will be fresh and healthy. You will notice the difference in taste. After eating organic homemade capsicum, you will know the difference between original and market vegetables.
Colorful bell pepper:
Yellow bell pepper: after two months and two weeks, you will see that yellow bell peppers will grow. Even the color of bell peppers will start to change. After this time period, you can harvest these tasty bell peppers.
Red bell peppers: red bell pepper will also show significant growth. After three months and two weeks, these bell peppers will also change colors. You can harvest these bell peppers.
After five months:
These capsicums will start to grow again after five months. After two months, your plant will start flowering again. You can harvest these plants again.
While growing, all capsicums are the same in color. However, after growth, the colors of the capsicums change. They might change into red and yellow colored bell peppers.
Add fertilizers after two weeks of transplantation. You can add vermicompost or garden soil too. Maintain the garden soil with the help of the gardening tool.
It will improve the amount of water getting into the soil of the capsicum plant.
Do not keep the capsicum plant under sunlight for a higher time period. Sunlight during the morning is more than enough.
Add organic fertilizers into the soil for better growth. Capsicum grows hurriedly and does not take much time to grow. These plants also start flowering immediately.
You can put support to your capsicum plant. Add a stick or any assistance to the vegetable of capsicum.
Pro tip: you can add fertilizers into the capsicum plants for better growth. You can also make fertilizers at home. For capsicum plants, potassium is best for prosperity and health. Peel of banana is rich in potassium. You can utilize this in making fertilizer for capsicum plants.
Making of banana peel:
- Keep peel of banana in a wide dish.
- Keep banana peeled under the sunlight for two to three days. Peel is dry and not moist.
- After two days, put these peels in a juicer. Make a mix of fine powders with these banana peels.
Save this ground mixture in a bottle, and add two teaspoons of banana peel into the pot. Do this process only once a year.
While adding fertilizers, and banana peel, maintain a gap of ten to fifteen days. It will strengthen the capsicum plant and flower rapidly.
The best pot for capsicum:
When choosing a pot to grow capsicum, make sure it is not poor. A small pot can cause several issues. Thus, don’t choose a big or a small pot. It’s best to grow capsicum in a medium-sized pot. A pot that is more than 10 inches at least.
Other alternatives to grow capsicum: plastic bags, plastic jars. ( cut the upper portion of the jar)
Those who can not buy a plastic jar should use these substitutes. These alternatives work effectively in growing a capsicum plant or colorful bell peppers.
If you follow all the precautions and steps carefully, you will get a healthy plant. Moreover, you can harvest your plant after a month and two weeks.
Best time for growing capsicum:
Time is a prominent aspect while growing capsicum. Grow it in the right season, and you will see the speedy growth of the plant. However, if you grow it in the wrong season:
It can give an invitation to various pests
It might not even show any growth.
Optimum temperature: 10 to 40 on Celsius scale
Best months: first two months of the year, from mid of March to mid-July
Thus, this time period is best for the capsicum plant to grow.
Insect attack: certain insects and pests attack the capsicum plants often. It can get leaf curl virus too because of whiteflies and insects.
How to solve this:
Torn away: remove all the leaves that show indefinite growth and signs of infection.
Neem oil: add Neem in water and spray this mixture on tour plants after every two weeks. Specially sprinkle water on places where chances of infections are high. These places are usually left and lower parts of leaves. Do not miss these spots.
Why harvesting is necessary?
Your plant will give flowers and fruits for a whole year. However, extensive care and maintenance are necessary for getting the best results. With the passage of time, the quantity and size of vegetables will vary. It will usually decrease to a great extent.
Why do people usually fail to grow capsicum?
- Due to over watering:
Usually, gardeners over-water the plant. Due to over-watering, the roots and all the parts of plants face legitimate damage. Thus your plant won’t grow due to this reason.
There are various ways to grow plants at home. We have described the easiest and most popular method. You can also grow veggies and plants at home. Make sure to check our latest articles about how to grow tomatoes at home.
Those who want to grow vegetables such as carrots, spinach, coriander, onion, and many more at home. Should read our article about the easiest ways to grow veggies at home. There is no need for heavy machinery or equipment.