Kidney stones,causes, symptoms, and treatment
A kidney stone is a hard mass of crystal formed in the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Urine is composed of compounds containing calcium, sodium, potassium, oxalate, uric acid, and phosphate.
If the urine becomes too acidic or basic or the level of the above-mentioned particles becomes high, they start accumulating and crystallizing. With the passage of time, these crystals grow and form a detectable stone.
When a stone starts traveling across the kidney and ureter, its sharp edges scratches the wall of urinary tract, causing blood flow in urine, pain, nausea, burning sensation while urinating. If the size of stone is very large, it blocks the flow of urine, cause infection, backflow, or can damage the kidneys.
Drinking large amounts of water can excrete small size stones, but if the size of stone is sufficiently large than medicines can help excreting the stone, and dissolving them. For medium-sized stones pulverizing them with sound waves can crush the stones into small pieces that passes out of the body easily. For more bigger stones surgical treatments are required to remove them.